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Thermodynamics

(Note: bold numbers match the textbook - Kinsky)

GAS PROPERTIES:

Gas Formula cp
Constant  Pressure
Specific Heat Capacity 
(kJ/kgK)
at 20oC
cv
Constant Volume Specific Heat Capacity 
(kJ/kgK)
at 20oC
γ
Ratio of Specific Heats
γ = cp / cv
R
Characteristic Gas Constant
  (kJ/kgK)
R = cp - cv
Acetone OC(CH3)2
1.47 1.32 1.11 0.15
Acetylene C2H2 1.69 1.37 1.232 0.319
Air .78N, 0.21O2 1.005 0.718 1.40 0.287
Ammonia NH3 2.19 1.66 1.31 0.53
Argon Ar 0.520 0.312 1.667 0.208
Benzene C6H6 1.09 0.99 1.12 0.1
Bromine Br2
0.25 0.2 1.28 0.05
Butane C4H10 1.67 1.53 1.094 0.143
Carbon dioxide CO2 1.075 0.655 1.289 0.189
Carbon monoxide CO 1.02 0.72 1.40 0.297
Chlorine Cl2 0.48 0.36 1.34 0.12
Ethane C2H6 1.75 1.48 1.187 0.276
Ether: (Anesthetic diethyl ~) O(CH3CH2)2
2.01 1.95 1.03 0.06
Ethylene C2H4 1.53 1.23 1.240 0.296
Helium He 5.193 3.12 1.67 2.08
Hydrogen H2 14.32 10.16 1.405 4.160
Hydrogen Chloride HCl 0.8 0.57 1.41 0.23
Hydroxyl OH 1.76 1.27 1.384 0.489
Methane CH4 2.22 1.70 1.304 0.518
Natural Gas Methane + 2.34 1.85 1.27 0.5
Neon  Ne 1.03 0.618 1.667 0.412
Nitric Oxide NO 0.995 0.718 1.386 0.277
Nitrogen N2 1.040 0.743 1.400 0.297
Nitrous oxide N2O 0.88 0.69 1.27 0.18
Oxygen O2 0.919 0.659 1.395 0.260
Propane C3H8 1.67 1.48 1.127 0.189
Propene (propylene) C3H6 1.5 1.31 1.15 0.18
Steam 7 kPa. 50–320oC H2O 1.93 1.46 1.32 0.462
Steam 100kPa.100–320oC H2O 1.97 1.5 1.31 0.46
Steam 1000kPa.180–320oC H2O 2.26 1.76 1.28 0.5
Sulfur dioxide  SO2 0.64 0.51 1.29 0.13

http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/spesific-heat-capacity-gases-d_159.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specific_heat_capacity

Specific Heat Capacity

Substance Specific Heat Capacity C
(kJ/kgK)
at 20oC
Aluminum (and alloys) 0.88
Copper (and alloys) 0.39
Cast iron 0.42
Ice 2.04
Glass 0.84
Gold 0.13
Granite 0.79
Lead 0.13
Mercury 0.14
Oil 2.00
Steel (and alloys) 0.46
Tungsten 0.13
Water 4.19
Wood (douglas fir) 2.6
Zinc 0.39


Latent Heat (Fusion = melting, Evaporation = boiling or vaporization) per kg

Substance Specific Heat Capacity C
(kJ/kgK)
at 20oC
Latent Heat of Fusion
(kJ/kgK)
Latent Heat of Evaporation / Vaporization
(kJ/kgK)
Ice 2.04 335 -
Water 4.19 - 2257


Energy Content (Fuels)

Fuel Energy Content
(MJ/kg)
Wood (dry) 19.2
Wood (with MC% moisture)
19.2-(0.2164*MC)
Ethanol 30
Petroleum 46.5
Diesel 45.6
Biodiesel (vegetable oil) 42.2 
Coal (typical power plant) 30
Heavy Fuel Oil 47
LPG 49.6
Natural Gas 53.6
Pure Uranium U235 90E6

http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/forestry/biomass/pubs/WB0008.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_density
http://www.woodenergy.ie/iopen24/defaultarticle.php?cArticlePath=51