**BEAMS. **Tim Lovett
| Feb 2008.

Handy Formula Sheet

Use units: Force (N), Length (mm), Stress (MPa)

E = Young's Modulus or Mod of Elasticity (MPa). Steel =
200,000 MPa

I = 2nd Moment of Area or Area Moment (mm4). Can calculate
using SolidEdge sketch.

### BENDING

### BUCKLING

Maximum load in compression might be smaller than expected by the standard
calculation (f=F/A) due to buckling. If column is "slender" it is likely to
buckle.